hit and run laws and animals

What Should a Driver Do After Hitting an Animal?

hit and run laws and animals

Most pet owners care deeply about their furry little companions. To them, pets are more than just animals, they are a part of the family. Pet owners, the good ones anyways, would do anything for their furry companions in order to keep them safe and happy. People love their pets. Unfortunately, not every pet, or animal, is as well cared for as it should be. There are many animals out there that find themselves wandering the streets when their owner isn’t paying attention.

The streets are not designed to be safe for pets. They are designed to help get vehicles quickly from point A to point B. Cars are very unlikely to stop unless a sign or signal tells them to. Unfortunately, this simple concept goes over the heads of pets. They do not realize that running across the street is a bad idea. This little action can lead to very bad results for the pet and any unsuspecting drivers.

Who’s Fault Is It?

The last thing any driver wants to do is end up in an accident. All accidents are bad and unpleasant to deal with. No one wants to be responsible for hitting or breaking another person’s property. This is why some people, when given the chance, run away from the accident instead of dealing with it. This is especially true when a person hits an animal.

What many people do not realize, is that by hitting an animal, they have technically been in an accident. When the leave the scene without taking care of things, they have committed hit and run. They can actually face criminal charges for doing this.

Drivers who drive off after hitting an animal are often afraid of any repercussions for the accident. However, they often don’t realize that drivers don’t get into trouble for this. In the eyes of the law, it is actually the pet owner who is responsible. After all, it is the owner’s responsibility to keep the animal safe, which they failed to do if the animal was in the road.

What Should the Driver Do?

As with any accident, the first thing a driver should do is safely pullover to the side of the road. Once that has been done, the driver should check on the animal. If the animal is still alive, then they should call local law enforcement for assistance.

If the animal is still in the road, the driver can attempt to move it to the side, but should only do so if it is safe. Injured animals are often scared and in a lot of pain, which makes them unpredictable. Even if a person is trying to help, the animal may lash out.

The next step would be to try and locate the animal’s owner. If the animal has a tag, the driver should try to look at that. If there are people around, the driver can ask them if they know who the animal belongs to.

Some people may feel compelled to place the animal in their car and take it to a vet. Drivers are not required by law to do this, and should be aware that if they do, they take responsibility for the animal. This means that if no owner can be identified, than the driver will be responsible for any vet expenses.

The Driver Needs to Stop

The bottom line is, when a driver hits an animal, they need to stop and deal with the accident. If they don’t, they can face legal consequences for committing hit and run. Here in California, this would be considered a misdemeanor crime that earns a person:

  • Up to 6 months in jail.
  • A max base fine of $1,000.
  • Up to 3 years of informal probation.
  • Owing restitution to the animal’s owner.
  • 2 points on the driver’s record.

If a person doesn’t want to face these kind of consequences, then they need to stop and deal with the unpleasantness of hitting an animal. By doing so, they take responsibility and will most likely no get into trouble.

california roundabout laws

Learning to Cope with Roundabouts in the US

california roundabout laws

There is no denying that the average driver has to deal with a lot of obnoxiousness while behind the wheel of the car. Any driver could list at least a dozen different scenarios that drive them absolutely crazy. Whether it dealing with jaywalking pedestrians, or tailgating jerks, every driver has dealt with their fair share of frustrations.

While those scenarios are difficult and frustrating, there are others that don’t spring to mind but can be just as aggravating. These instances usually arise when the driver encounters something and they aren’t quite sure how to respond or proceed. A perfect example of this for most American drivers would be when they come across a roundabout.

These relatively simple, at least on paper, traffic intersections can be quite confusing for us American drivers when encountered in the “wild.” However, they shouldn’t be feared. Many studies have proven that roundabouts can provide a lot of benefits. Most US drivers just need a refresher in how to handle them.

What Are Roundabouts?

For those drivers who have never encountered a roundabout, which isn’t impossible here in the US, a roundabout is a type of circular intersection that permits traffic to flow in one direction around the circle. Other common names include traffic circles and road circles. However, these two aren’t exactly accurate. A true roundabout doesn’t use any signs or signals to control the flow of traffic, whereas traffic circles do.

Roundabouts are fairly uncommon across the United States. Meanwhile, they are extremely prominent in other countries. For instance, drivers in France, which had over 30,000 roundabouts in 2008, are around 25 times more likely to encounter a roundabout that drivers in the United States. This is quite impressive considering the vast size difference between the two countries.

One study estimated that an American driver will go through roughly 1,100 intersections before ever encountering a roundabout. Going back to France, French drivers are estimated to encounter a roundabout every 45 intersections.

These statistics are pretty impressive, considering that, according to the UK Roundabout Appreciation Society, American businessman William Phelps Eno was the first man to come up with a roundabout by designing the system for Columbus Circle in New York City.

The Benefits of Roundabouts

There have been dozens upon dozens of studies into roundabouts and their benefits. The largest benefit being how they help the flow of traffic. Unlike conventional intersections, roundabouts do not require traffic to stop, simply slow down. This means that traffic can keep moving at a steady pace, thereby reducing congestion.

On top of keeping traffic moving, roundabouts have also been proven to be much safer than typical intersections. According to a report from the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, on average, roundabouts experience 39% fewer vehicle collisions, 76% fewer injuries, and 90% fewer serious injuries and fatalities. This is largely due to the fact that they reduce speeds and reduce the amount of collision points in the intersection itself. Most collisions in roundabouts happen at much slower speeds and are only glancing blows, instead of head-on impacts.

Lastly, due to the lack of stopping and idling at roundabouts, these intersections also help cut back on pollution. Cars are often able to keep moving through roundabouts, which means that gas they are burning is actually being used rather than being wasted. On top of that, since there is less stopping and going, there is less noise pollution as well. This is due to the fact that engines make more noise when they are working to get a car moving again after a full stop.

How to Deal with Roundabouts

Roundabouts are not as scary as they may appear. Often times, they only look confusing because they are new, not because they are difficult. There are a few simple rules to keep in mind when going through a roundabout.

  • Drivers entering a roundabout have to yield to cars already in the roundabout. A driver should never force their way into a roundabout, since cars in the circle have right-of-way.
  • Drivers should stay in their lane once in the roundabout. Do not change lanes partway through.
  • Never stop in a roundabout. These intersections are meant to keep traffic flowing, stopping within one will more than likely cause an accident.
  • Avoid driving next to over-sized vehicles. Large vehicles like buses and semi-trucks will likely drift into neighboring lanes as they make turns, so it is best to keep some distance.

That’s all there is to it. So long as a driver pays attention to the signs as they approach, and keep these rules in mind, they will be just fine. They will be able to keep moving to their destination without having to stop and wait for a light to change.

how to post bail in san bernardino

Who Can You Count On?

how to post bail in san bernardino

When it comes to taking care of family, your loved ones can always count on you. They know that you will always be there for them whenever they need a helping hand. They can count on you, which is why they called you when someone got arrested.

Unfortunately for you, you’ve never bailed someone out of jail before. You have no idea how it works. Luckily, you contacted Penny Bail Bonds in San Bernardino. For over 30 years, we have been helping Californians deal with the arrest of a friend or family member. We know everything about the bail bond process and will be more than happy to help you rescue a loved one from jail.

Our bail agents will walk you through every single step of the bail bond process. Using their expertise on the subject, our bail agents will be able to answer all of your questions. Once you are satisfied, our agents will begin working to secure your loved one’s release from jail. With their knowledge of the bail system, they can have your loved one out of jail in as little as two hours in some counties.

Just like your loved ones can count on you, you can count on Penny Bail Bonds in San Bernardino. Our bail agents are available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. They will always be there to lend you a helping hand whenever you need bail help. We will always be there for you.

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penalties for speeding in school zone

Remember to Slow Down in School Zones

penalties for speeding in school zone

Every driver knows that speed limits can vary from place. After all, a person wouldn’t expect to be able to drive freeway speeds through a residential neighborhood. These differences exist for safety reasons. It wouldn’t be safe for the driver, or pedestrians to fly down a residential street at those speeds.

By reducing speeds, a driver has more control of their vehicle and is less likely to get into a horrible accident. A driver can expect speed limits to slow down in areas where cars will be merging into traffic, or wherever a lot of pedestrians will be present. Roads near schools are perfect examples of this.

What Are School Zones

School zones are roads that are within 1,000 feet of a school. Since kids are very present in these areas, whether they are walking alongside the road, or crossing it, driving fast through these areas is not a good idea. That is why, here in California, the speed limit within school zones is 25 miles per hour (mph) when children are present. Although, drivers should be aware that some school zones have speed limits as low as 15 mph.

Kids don’t always have the best sense of awareness and danger when it comes to cars. They will often dart out into the street without looking both ways. Since it takes a while to teach road safety to children, the best way to keep them safe is to ensure that the cars near them are driving slower. After all, adult drivers are more likely to be cautious than the children are.

By reducing the speed limit, drivers are far less likely to getting into an accident, which would be horrible if it involved kids. That is something no driver wants to cause, no matter how late they may be running.

Consequences of Ignoring School Zone Speeds

Speeding is never a great idea, but it is especially bad in school zones when school is in session. Not only does doing this earn a driver a speeding ticket, it can earn them one with a higher fine due to the location. This is very similar to speeding within a construction zone.

When it comes to base ticket prices in California, the prices are determined by how far over the speed limit the driver was going.

  • 1 – 15 mph: If a driver speeds anywhere from 1 to 15 mph over the speed limit, they will receive a ticket with a base price of $35.
  • 16 – 25 mph: The base ticket price for this range will be $70.
  • 26+: The base ticket price for this range will be $100.

While these may not sound expected, there will likely be additional fees added to the final prices, which can drastically raise the cost.

If a person is caught speeding over 100 mph, then they face additional charges:

  • First Time Offense: Base fine of $500 and a 30 day license suspension.
  • Second Offense: Base fine of $750 and a 6 month license suspension.
  • Third Offense: Base fine of $1,000 and a 1 year license suspension or a restricted license.

Speeding can carry heavy fines, but it can also lead to increased insurance rates since the driver will be seen as having a higher risk of getting into an accident.

Slow Down When Children Are Present

Speeding is never a good idea, no matter how late the driver may be. It is a very dangerous act that exchanges the safety of others to safe the driver a few extra seconds. It is not worth that risk, especially in a school zone where children are present. One wrong move by the driver or a random child could be catastrophic.

If a person wants to avoid being responsible for harming a child due to their driving, then they need to obey the speed limits in school zones. By doing so, they give themselves enough time to stop if a child does run in front of their car.

what is indecent exposure

What Counts as Indecent Exposure?

what is indecent exposure

There are a lot of things out there that a majority of the population just don’t want to see. For most people, this list includes other people’s genitals. This is why most states, including California, have laws against a person exposing their private parts to others. This law is often referred to as indecent exposure.

If a person thinks it is a good idea to reveal their private parts to another individual, without that person’s consent, then they might want to think again. They can get into serious trouble for breaking this law. However, this law can cause some concerns for new mothers who are still breastfeeding their child.

What Is Indecent Exposure?

Here in the state of California, indecent exposure is made classified and made illegal under California Penal Code (PC) 314. Indecent exposure is a sex crime and is defined as the willful exposing of a person’s genitals to someone else while the offender is motivated by the desire to sexually gratify themselves or offend the other person.

The law itself is vaguely worded and has remained pretty much unchanged since it was first enacted back in 1872. This is interesting considering how society’s perception of indecent has changed drastically over the last 100+ years.

What Counts as Indecent Exposure?

If a person purposefully exposes their private parts to another individual with the intent of gaining sexual gratification or annoying the other individual, than they are guilty of indecent exposure. Since this definition can be a bit vague, here are a few examples of acts of indecent exposure here in California.

There are several different ways that a person can commit indecent exposure. One of the obvious ones being a man wearing nothing but a trench coat and opening it up to reveal his genitals to passing women.

Other examples of indecent exposure include:

  • A teen boy exposing his genitals to people to offend them.
  • A woman exposing her breast in public to sexually gratify herself or her significant other.

Some examples of incidents that don’t count as indecent exposure include:

  • A woman breastfeeding in public.
  • A man losing his swim trunks while swimming.
  • Exposing underwear, no matter how revealing.

These examples do not count because they either are not done with the intent of receiving sexual gratification, they were not done on purpose, or they did not actually expose themselves.

What Are the Penalties of Indecent Exposure?

The consequences of indecent exposure are dependent on whether or not the person has committed the crime before. A first time offense is typically a misdemeanor offense. This comes with the penalties of:

  • Up to 6 months in jail.
  • A max fine of $1,000.
  • A minimum of 10 years as a registered sex offender.

If a person is a repeat offender, then they will face harsher, felony consequences:

  • 16 months, 2 years, or 3 years in a state prison.
  • A max fine of $10,000.
  • A minimum of 10 years as a registered sex offender.

People Don’t Want to See It

Most people could very easily go without seeing some random person’s genitals. That is why California Penal Code 314 exists. People don’t want to be exposed to that kind of stuff. The law provides steep penalties to try to prevent people from committing the crime in the firsts place. Unfortunately, not every heeds the warning.

Luckily for some, not every case is considered indecent exposure. Mothers of newborns can rest easy knowing that they are not breaking any laws when they are breastfeeding their baby.

how to protect your child from a bully

How Can We Get Rid of Bullying?

how to protect your child from a bully

Bullying in schools and online is a very important issue and topic of conversation. Just ask anyone, and they will tell you that bullying needs to be eradicated. Unfortunately, since this conversation still exists, bullying is still a thing. This is despite everyone’s insistence that it should be dealt with. Often times, the problem is that kids just don’t see bullying the way adults do.

This means that it is up to the parents and school administrators to try and curb bullying. The parents can tackle the problem when their child is at home. Meanwhile, the school can deal with the issue when the child is on the campus. If both sides do their part and work with one another, then they can stand of chance of fixing the problem before it gets too out of hand.

What Is Bullying?

Bullying is any repeated act of aggressive behavior toward a specific individual. This aggressive and threatening behavior can happen in person or online. The act bullying can take many forms, including:

  • Physical – This includes things such as hitting or pushing. It even includes threats of violence.
  • Verbal – This includes acts such as name calling and taunting.
  • Relationship – This includes refusing to interact with the victim or spreading rumors about the person.

Bullying can be very damaging to a person, especially children. Kids who are bullied are more likely to skip school, in order to avoid the bully, and are much more likely to develop mental health issues such as depression.

If parents want to keep their kids happy, healthy, and safe, then they need to work to help eradicate bullying.

Putting an end to bullying would be so much easier if kids actually talked to their parents about their problems, and if kids actually listened to everything that their parents tell them. Unfortunately, that is not how the world works.

How Can Parents of a Victim Help?

Kids often want to try to handling things themselves, or are too afraid to talk to their parents about a problem. This means it may be up to the parent to recognize that their child may be suffering from bullying and talk to him or her. Parents should always encourage their child to talk to them no matter what is going on. This means that the parent always has to be there for the child, even if the timing may not be convenient. So long as a parent does this, the child is more likely to open up when they have a problem.

A parent should not encourage their child to fight back against a bully. Most schools nowadays have zero tolerance policies toward violent behavior. Teaching a child to fight back against a bully might just lead to him or her being expelled. Instead, encourage the child to walk away and find a trusted adult to report the problem to.

It is also important to teach the child how to report the incident to an adult. If done incorrectly, the adult may just think the child is imply tattling, which won’t lead to any solutions.

In order to avoid this when reporting a bully to an adult, the child should:

  • Explain what the bully has done to make the child fearful or uncomfortable.
  • Say who the bully is.
  • List what the child has tried to do to get the bullying to stop.
  • An explanation of what the child wants the adult to do to make the bullying stop.
  • A parent can work with their child to help teach them the best ways to do this.

How Can Parents of the Bully Stop It?

It is one thing when a parent has a child that is being bullied, it is another thing when a parent’s child is the bully. First of all, identifying that a child might be a bully isn’t always easy.

A parent should look out for the following behavior in their child:

  • Is impulsive and gets angry quickly.
  • Hits or pushes others to take out aggression’s.
  • Hangs out with aggressive kids.
  • Fights frequently with siblings.
  • Doesn’t understand how actions might affect others.
  • Gets into trouble at school a lot.

If a parent sees a number of warning signs in their child, they may want to sit down and talk with him or her. The sooner this kind of bad behavior can be curbed, the better. Not only does it mean less people will get hurt by the behavior, but it also helps break it before it becomes an ingrained habit.

The next time the parent sees their child lashing out at someone, tell him or her to stop and if that fails, remove him or her from the situation. Then talk to the child about they could have handled that better. Help the child practice techniques to help control bad behavior, such as taking deep breaths and/or counting to ten.

Adults Need to Take Action

At the end of the day, kids are still learning about everything in the world around them. They need guidance from adults to teach them how to behave properly, without hurting others. Adults all need to take responsibility for the bullying problem. After all, everything kids learn, they learn from the people around them.

Adults need to put their best foot forward when kids are around and set a good example. They also need to sit down and talk with their kids when they exhibit bad behaviors. By doing both of these simple things, an adult is taking action against bullying.

consequences for making annoying calls

Can You Get Arrested for Making a Phone Call?

consequences for making annoying calls

Cell phones have made communication very easy since their creation. Before, the only times when people could use phones were when they found one mounted to a wall. Nowadays, everyone walks around with a phone in their pockets. Staying in touch with loved ones has never been easier.

Unfortunately, there is a drawback to this. Not only is it easier for a person to contact whoever they want, it is easier for others to reach that particular person. This is both a blessing and a curse. Just ask anyone who has ever found themselves in the unfortunate position of having their phone number on a telemarketer’s list.

What some Californians are not aware of, is the fact that making annoying phone calls can be considered a crime in the state. If phone calls meets certain conditions, it can get the caller into legal trouble.

The Law against Annoying Phone Calls

The state of California actually has a law against annoying phone calls; Penal Code (PC) 653. This law makes it a crime for a person to intentionally make annoying or harassing phone calls to a person. Aside from phone calls, this law also extends electronic communications sent through phones such as texts or emails. This law is usually applied in instances of stalking or domestic abuse, but can potentially be applied to prank phone calls as well.

The law lists 3 elements that can make up an annoying phone call:

  • The caller uses obscene language.
  • The caller threatens the person they called.
  • There are repeated phone calls.

If one of those elements is met, then the phone call can be considered annoying. However, it is important to realize the intent of the call needs to be to annoy or harass the other person. If that intent is not there, then the call won’t be considered annoying. Unfortunately, this means that calls from telemarketers aren’t considered annoying phone calls under this law.

Typically in law, the word obscene means sexual in nature. However, that is not the exact case for this law. Here, courts have decided that obscene can also stand for crude or offensive language. Basically, if a caller cusses out a person, they can be found guilty of making an annoying phone call under PC 653. However, this does not stand if the caller normally uses a lot of swearing when talking to the person and vice versa.

If a caller threatens the person they called with either violence or injury, they have committed an annoying phone call. This also extends to the person’s family and property. If either are threatened by the caller, then the caller has likely broken the law.

Penalties of Breaking PC 653

Breaking PC 653 is a misdemeanor offense in the state of California. If a person is found guilty of making annoying phone calls, then they can face:

  • Up to 6 months in county jail.
  • A fine no larger than $1,000.
  • Some combination of fine and jail time.

In some cases, the defendant may only be put on probation or be required to participate in counseling.

Annoying Phone Calls Are Annoying to Receive

While cell phones are great and open up a whole new avenue of communication, there are some calls that people just don’t want to get. No one wants to receive annoying phone calls, and no one wants to be threatened over the phone. Everyone has the right to feel safe, which is why California put this law into effect.

If a person is thinking of making a prank call, something that is often considered harmless, they may want to think again. It can get them into trouble with the law if they are not careful. After all, no one wants to go to jail for making a phone call.

five star bail service san bernardino

Penny Bail Bonds in San Bernardino Will Help You Face Your Loved One’s Arrest

five star bail service san bernardino

Nobody ever wakes up in the morning with the plan to bail out their soon-to-be arrested friend or family member. After all, no one plans on getting arrested, and they certainly wouldn’t share that plan with their loved ones. However, thousands of people are arrested every single day, and that is just here in California.

Sadly, this means that there is always a chance that someone you know could end up behind bars. If you care about that person, you will want to bail him or her out. That way, they do not have to spend a days, even months, behind bars as they await their day in court. You would much rather they be safe and sound at home.

This can easily be achieved by contacting Penny Bail Bonds in San Bernardino. Since 1987 we have helped Californians bail their loved ones out of jail. We know everything about the bail bond process and make it as quick and simple as possible. We understand that nobody wants to spend a lot of time dealing with the stress of a loved one being incarcerated.

Our agents will be by your side the whole time and will do the hard work for you. They will communicate with the jail and help you fill out the paperwork. We will even create a personalized payment plan to fit your budget. This way you will truly be able to afford to bail out your friend or family member.

You may not have known that you would be bailing someone out of jail today when you woke up this morning, but here you are. Thanks to Penny Bail Bonds in San Bernardino you have been able to face this surprise head on without worry. In just a few hours, your loved one will be home safe and sound, not locked up behind cold steel bars.


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24 hour bail san bernardino

You Will Always Be There for Your Loved Ones

24 hour bail san bernardino

When someone you love gets arrested, you will do everything that you can to bail him or her out of jail. You would do anything for the people you care about. That is why, despite your lack of experience with bail, you begin looking into it. That is when you discover Penny Bail Bonds in San Bernardino.

Since our company’s founding in 1987, Penny Bail Bonds in San Bernardino thousands of people have received professional bail help from our amazing bail agents. When you need help, you can count on us. Our bail agents are available 24/7. They will happily guide you through the process of bailing your friend or family member out of jail.

When bailing someone out of jail for the first time, you will undoubtedly have questions. We understand that here at Penny Bail Bonds in San Bernardino. Our agents will take the time that you need to answer your questions. Once you are satisfied, we can work on bailing out your loved one. With our expert agents working for you, this can be accomplished in just a few short hours.

Our agents will do all of the hard work for you. They will fill out the paperwork for the bail bond and give it directly to the jail. They will not rest until they have secured your loved one’s release. Even then, our agents will continue to work with you. They will keep you up to date on all of your loved one’s court dates, as well as talk to you about any problems you might be having with payment.

At Penny Bail Bonds in San Bernardino, we are here to help you. Our agents are available 24/7 and are located all over the state of California. This means that we can help you bail your loved one out of any jail in the state. No matter what has happened to your loved one, you will always be there to help him or her. Penny Bail Bonds in San Bernardino will always be there to help you with bail.


You can get started at any time, all you have to do is call 866-736-6977 or click Chat With Us now.


The Real Cost of a DUI Charge

how much does a dui cost

Most people out there recognize the fact that driving while drunk is a very bad idea. While a person is drunk, their mind isn’t what it normally is, meaning they are more likely to make costly mistakes. This is why it is illegal to drive while drunk all over the country.

Here in California, the penalties for committing DUI include:

  • Some form of probation.
  • Up to one year in county jail.
  • Fines up to $1,000.
  • Suspended or revoked driver’s license.
  • Needing to attend DUI school.
  • Paying possible restitution’s.

These all seem like pretty bad penalties to deal with for most people. However, it is not scary enough for some people considering they still decide to drive drunk. What these people realize is that the cost of the DUI is a lot more expensive than just a $1,000 fine. There are all sorts of costs to consider, including:

  • Towing and storage fees for the vehicle roughly $650.
  • DUI classes cost money, roughly $650.
  • Attorney fees cost a couple thousand dollars.
  • Driver’s license reinstatement costs $100.
  • Insurance rate hikes, can average around $40,000 over 13 years.
  • Restitution’s for anyone who was hurt can cost several thousands.

Even a single DUI offense can be incredibly expensive. This is just another reason why a person should never drink and drive.