smoking in cars with children

Is It Illegal to Smoke in a Car with Children Present?

smoking in cars with children

Pretty much everyone is aware of the fact that smoking is bad. It can be incredibly damaging to the human body, which is why it causes around 480,000 deaths each year in the United States alone. This is about 1 out of every 5 deaths in the country. This is also more deaths than the following causes combined:

  • HIV
  • Drug use
  • Alcohol use
  • Car crashes
  • Gun related incidents

The numbers and stats are quite intimidating, and yet, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 14 out of every 100 adults over the age of 18 smoke in the US. This totals to around 34.3 million adults smoking. That is a lot of people out there who are knowingly causing a lot of harm to their body. This is just the stats for the people who purposefully smoke, then there are the people who are effected despite never smoking themselves.

The Dangers of Secondhand Smoke

Secondhand smoke is a term that refers to the smoke that non-smokers inhale. This smoke comes from the lit end of cigarettes, and the smoke exhaled by the smoker him/herself. This smoke can linger for hours, and spread up to 20 feet away from the smoker. When breathed in by a passerby, they are exposed to the very same health risks that smokers are, despite never actually smoking themselves.

This is why smoking has been banned in most areas, especially areas where lots of children will be present, to protect people who have made the conscious decision to not smoke.

Children and Secondhand Smoke

Smoking is bad enough for fully grown adults, but it is even worse for children. Children’s bodies are still developing and growing, making them more susceptible to the health risks that come from secondhand smoke. Some of the side effects of secondhand smoke amongst children include:

  • Developing bronchitis
  • Developing pneumonia
  • Ear infections
  • Increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome
  • Asthma attacks
  • Lung infections

This is why smoking is banned from schools, daycares, and homes that serve as daycares. What many people may not be aware of, is that here in the state of California, it is actually against the law to smoke in a car when minors are present. This actually makes a lot of sense, though it is often overlooked.

Inside a vehicle, secondhand smoke levels can get way out of hand. The levels of pollutants in the air can get well above the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) hazardous limit. Some drivers try to get around this by cracking open a window to allow the car to vent. While this does reduce the amount of pollutants in the air within the vehicle, they are still 10 to 20 times more than the EPA’s Hazard limit. This means that the air is still very toxic, and therefore very damaging, to children.

Smoking in a vehicle with minors inside is an infraction level offense, and a minor one at that. This means that it comes with a small fine and no possibility of jail time. In addition, officers are very unlikely to pull a driver over just for smoking with children in the car. More than likely, the driver will be pulled over for some other traffic offense, and this offense will be added onto the ticket as well.

Don’t Smoke Around Non-Smokers

Smoking is just a bad idea in general, since it does a lot of harm to a person’s body. However, if that person wants to smoke, that is their choice. However, the people around them have likely made the decision not to smoke, and have a right to be able to breathe clean, smoke-free air. This is especially true for growing children. That is why smoking is restricted to specific areas that are far away from where children may be present. This includes the inside of a vehicle.

What do you think of California’s law against smoking in cars with children? Is it the right thing to do, or should it come with harsher consequences? Let us know what you think in the comments down below.

california stun gun laws

Is It Legal to Own a Stun Gun or Pepper Spray in California?

california stun gun laws

Everyone wants to feel safe wherever they go. Sometimes that means a person carries something around with them in case they need to defend themselves. Two of the most common and popular forms of non-lethal defense are stun guns and pepper spray. While people want to be safe, they also want to ensure that they aren’t breaking any laws in doing so.

This can be especially tricky here in California. This state has a lot of laws that people aren’t familiar with, but are pretty easy to break. This is especially true when it comes to weapons of any sort. While both pepper spray and stun guns are non-lethal, they are still categorized as weapons. This means there are strict rules that have to be followed, or else a person could find themselves in legal trouble.

Pepper Spray Laws in California

Pepper spray is a chemical compound derived from chili plants. When it is sprayed onto a person’s face, it can cause severe, but temporary reactions, including:

  • Eyes tearing up.
  • Coughing.
  • Tightening of the chest.
  • Mucus secretions.
  • A burning sensation.

Needless to say, being sprayed with the stuff is not a pleasant experience, which is why it is commonly used as a self-defense, non-lethal weapon.

Pepper spray is legal to own and use within the state of California by both law enforcement agents and private individuals over the age of 16. However, pepper spray can only legally be used in self-defense situations. It cannot be used to attack someone.

To complicate things a little further, the term “use” is looked at in a unique way here in California. A person can be considered using pepper spray if they simply hold the container in threatening manner. It doesn’t matter if the container is empty or full, sprayed or not. Holding it means it was used.

Using pepper spray in non-self-defense situations can earn a person a misdemeanor or felony charge, depending on the circumstances. That means there can be heavy fines, and even jail time.

People who are prohibited from using pepper spray include:

  • People convicted of a felony.
  • People convicted of assault.
  • Minors under the age of 16 without parental permission.
  • Anyone addicted to narcotics.

Interestingly, pepper spray is illegal to use in war since it is considered a chemical weapon, but is still allowed to be used in self-defense situations.

What Are Stun Guns

Stun guns, or Tasers as they are commonly called, are a special type of weapon designed to immobilize an attacker by applying large amounts of electricity. California Penal Code (PC) 244.5 defines a stun gun as any offensive or defensive weapon capable of immobilizing a person by the infliction of an electrical charge. By simply sending jolts of electricity through a person’s body, their muscles will tense up, restricting movement and causing pain, thereby incapacitating the person.

For people wondering about the difference between stun guns and Tasers, Tasers are actually a specific brand of stun guns. This is similar to how Chap Stick is actually a specific brand of lip balm.

Stun guns are legal to own and use, for self-defense purposes, within the state of California by law enforcement officers and private individuals over the age of 16 and have parental permission. Felons and minors under the age of 16 are prohibited by law from owning or using a stun gun.

Assaulting someone with a stun gun can be a misdemeanor or felony, depending on the circumstances of the crimes and the person’s criminal record. This can earn a person jail or prison time, and up to $10,000 in fines.

Stay Safe Out There

Everyone wants to feel safe, and everyone has their preferred method of self-defense. For those out there using pepper spray or stun guns, just be sure to only every use or brandish these weapons in self-defense. If a person uses these items to attack another person, they can face serious legal trouble. That is something nobody wants to deal with.

It is also important to note that these sort of laws vary from state to state. What may be okay to do here in California may not be allowed in other states. A person should keep this in mind if they are ever traveling across the country. After all, no one wants to get into legal trouble for simply trying to defend themselves.

What do you think about California’s take on pepper spray and stun guns? Should there be more or less restrictions? Are things fine the way they are now? Let us know what you think in the comments down below.

california assembly bill 272

Could Cellphones Be Banned in California Schools?

california assembly bill 272

Things have changed a lot since most adults were in school. A popular question in math classes used to be if a student could use a calculator on their test. The teachers would usually say no, along with a comment about needing to know how to do the math on their own because: “You won’t be walking around with a calculator in your pocket.” Flash forward 10 years and everyone is doing just that.

Pretty much everyone has a cellphone, and regardless if it is smart or not, they all have calculators built in. This makes some math teachers sound pretty silly nowadays. Aside from proving our old math teachers wrong, smart phones allow a person to get any kind of information that they could possibly need thanks to their connection to the internet.

While this can be a very useful tool, it can also be very distracting. Let’s be honest, more often than not, when a person is on their phone, they are goofing off rather than working. This is just for adults, kids have even less self-control. This is why cellphones are such a problem in schools. They distract students and disrupt the flow of teaching. That is why one lawmaker is looking to change things.

Assembly Bill 272 has been Introduced

According to a report from 2016, around 73% of teens had a smart phone. California Assemblyman Al Muratsuchi recently introduced a new bill that would require all school boards across the state to create new policies that would limit or restrict cellphones, particularly smart phones, usage on school grounds.

Schools wouldn’t have to outright ban smart phones on their grounds, but the law would force them into reevaluating their policies. This would thereby ensure that the school is doing everything it can in regards to the matter.

For instance, some schools could chose to ban smart phones, but still allow a student to use one if it is for academic purposes, provided they have teacher approval. This way, the distraction of the cellphone is removed, but its usefulness as a tool could still be available when needed.

In part, the new bill was inspired by a recent law that France enacted last year. This law banned cellphones from primary and middle schools across the country. The law was enacted with the intent of increase student performance at school.

This law is also inspired by countless studies that have found smart phones can be distracting and lower a student’s performance in school. In addition, children who spend too much time on social media are more likely to describe themselves as unhappy.

Cellphones Are Distracting

There is no denying that smartphones can be incredibly distracting to us adults, and especially to children. In addition, spending too much time on social media sites can potentially increase chances of depression and suicide in a person, especially teenagers. At least as adults, people are able to better set limits for themselves. Adults are able to recognize when enough is enough and take a step back. Students have a much harder time doing that.

In an effort to help kids learn more and schools, and protect their mental health, some lawmakers are pushing to ban or restrict cellphones in and on school grounds. What do you think of this new bill? Should cellphones be banned on school grounds, or should they just be restricted? Let us know what you think about this new bill in the comments down below.

new bac level in california

Will California Make it Easier to Get a DUI?

new bac level in california

Most people are aware of the fact that driving while drunk is a very bad thing to do. Driving under the influence (DUI) is an incredibly risky and dangerous act, not just for the driver, but everyone else they pass on the road. This is due to the fact that alcohol impairs a person’s abilities and thoughts, making them unfit to drive any sort of vehicle.

Despite knowing this fact, many drivers out there still break this law every single day. These drivers convince themselves that they are fine to drive, and that they aren’t that drunk. They drive off to wherever, and that’s where things go wrong.

There are laws against drunk driving in every single state in the Union in order to keep people safe. The laws here in California may just become a bit stricter thanks to a proposed bill currently going through the California State Assembly.

Current DUI Laws in California

The laws against drunk driving here in California are pretty straightforward and mesh with the laws in most other states. Anyone who is caught driving a motor vehicle, whether it be a car, truck, or boat, with a blood alcohol concentration of .08% or greater is guilty of committing DUI under state law.

For the most part, DUI in California is charged as a misdemeanor offense, unless someone was injured as a result of the crime. A first time DUI offense earns a driver:

  • Up to 6 months in jail.
  • A max fine of $1,000.
  • 4 month driver’s license suspension.
  • Up to 9 months of DUI School.

Subsequent offenses earn a driver more jail time, longer license suspensions, and more required DUI School. After a driver receives four DUI’s, or injures someone due to their recklessness, they will be charged with felony DUI.

This comes with much heftier consequences, including:

  • A state prison stay ranging from 16 months to 16 years.
  • A max fine of $5,000, plus any owed restitution to victims.
  • A driver’s license suspension ranging from 1 to 5 years.
  • 18 to 30 months of DUI School.

The exact consequences of felony DUI are dependent on the circumstances of the crime in question, mainly if another person was injured or not.

California Assembly Bill 1713

Recently, California lawmakers in the State Assembly began considering Assembly Bill (AB) 1713. This new bill seeks to tighten restrictions on drunk driving by lowering the legal BAC in California. At first, this bill seeks to make it more legal for those who have been drinking to drive, it actually does the opposite.

By lowering the BAC from .08% to .05%, as the bill proposes, less alcohol would be required to be in a person’s blood for them to be considered drunk while driving. Many people across the state are in favor of this because they feel that having the standard at .08% is too high, and far too many drivers get away with driving while drunk because they didn’t reach that threshold.

This new proposed standard may seem extreme, but it is important to remember that commercial drivers, taxi drivers, truckers, and bus drivers, are all held to this standard already here in California. This proposed bill would be relatively new ground, since only one other state in the country has lowered the BAC of DUI’s, that state being Utah.

Don’t Drive While Drunk

Driving while drunk is never a good idea. It puts the driver’s own life at risk, as well as everyone else’s. While intoxicated, a person’s brain is not up to the task of controlling a motor vehicle. They have slower reaction times, less control over their body, and therefore are more likely to get into an accident.

With today’s modern technology, there is no reason to drive drunk. Anyone with a smartphone in their pocket can easily call a friend or family member to come pick them up, or better yet, hire a driver to come get them. With taxis, Lyft, and Uber, getting a ride home has never been easier.

What do you think of this proposed bill? Should California go through with lowering the BAC of DUI’s, or should the limit be left where it is at .08%? Let us know what you think in the comments down below.

california roundabout laws

Learning to Cope with Roundabouts in the US

california roundabout laws

There is no denying that the average driver has to deal with a lot of obnoxiousness while behind the wheel of the car. Any driver could list at least a dozen different scenarios that drive them absolutely crazy. Whether it dealing with jaywalking pedestrians, or tailgating jerks, every driver has dealt with their fair share of frustrations.

While those scenarios are difficult and frustrating, there are others that don’t spring to mind but can be just as aggravating. These instances usually arise when the driver encounters something and they aren’t quite sure how to respond or proceed. A perfect example of this for most American drivers would be when they come across a roundabout.

These relatively simple, at least on paper, traffic intersections can be quite confusing for us American drivers when encountered in the “wild.” However, they shouldn’t be feared. Many studies have proven that roundabouts can provide a lot of benefits. Most US drivers just need a refresher in how to handle them.

What Are Roundabouts?

For those drivers who have never encountered a roundabout, which isn’t impossible here in the US, a roundabout is a type of circular intersection that permits traffic to flow in one direction around the circle. Other common names include traffic circles and road circles. However, these two aren’t exactly accurate. A true roundabout doesn’t use any signs or signals to control the flow of traffic, whereas traffic circles do.

Roundabouts are fairly uncommon across the United States. Meanwhile, they are extremely prominent in other countries. For instance, drivers in France, which had over 30,000 roundabouts in 2008, are around 25 times more likely to encounter a roundabout that drivers in the United States. This is quite impressive considering the vast size difference between the two countries.

One study estimated that an American driver will go through roughly 1,100 intersections before ever encountering a roundabout. Going back to France, French drivers are estimated to encounter a roundabout every 45 intersections.

These statistics are pretty impressive, considering that, according to the UK Roundabout Appreciation Society, American businessman William Phelps Eno was the first man to come up with a roundabout by designing the system for Columbus Circle in New York City.

The Benefits of Roundabouts

There have been dozens upon dozens of studies into roundabouts and their benefits. The largest benefit being how they help the flow of traffic. Unlike conventional intersections, roundabouts do not require traffic to stop, simply slow down. This means that traffic can keep moving at a steady pace, thereby reducing congestion.

On top of keeping traffic moving, roundabouts have also been proven to be much safer than typical intersections. According to a report from the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, on average, roundabouts experience 39% fewer vehicle collisions, 76% fewer injuries, and 90% fewer serious injuries and fatalities. This is largely due to the fact that they reduce speeds and reduce the amount of collision points in the intersection itself. Most collisions in roundabouts happen at much slower speeds and are only glancing blows, instead of head-on impacts.

Lastly, due to the lack of stopping and idling at roundabouts, these intersections also help cut back on pollution. Cars are often able to keep moving through roundabouts, which means that gas they are burning is actually being used rather than being wasted. On top of that, since there is less stopping and going, there is less noise pollution as well. This is due to the fact that engines make more noise when they are working to get a car moving again after a full stop.

How to Deal with Roundabouts

Roundabouts are not as scary as they may appear. Often times, they only look confusing because they are new, not because they are difficult. There are a few simple rules to keep in mind when going through a roundabout.

  • Drivers entering a roundabout have to yield to cars already in the roundabout. A driver should never force their way into a roundabout, since cars in the circle have right-of-way.
  • Drivers should stay in their lane once in the roundabout. Do not change lanes partway through.
  • Never stop in a roundabout. These intersections are meant to keep traffic flowing, stopping within one will more than likely cause an accident.
  • Avoid driving next to over-sized vehicles. Large vehicles like buses and semi-trucks will likely drift into neighboring lanes as they make turns, so it is best to keep some distance.

That’s all there is to it. So long as a driver pays attention to the signs as they approach, and keep these rules in mind, they will be just fine. They will be able to keep moving to their destination without having to stop and wait for a light to change.

california hit and run laws

What Counts as Hit and Run in California?

california hit and run laws

Nobody enjoys accidents, no matter how big or small they may be. However, dealing with spilled milk is much more tolerable than dealing with a car accident. Car accidents can range anywhere from a mild fender bender, to full on wrecks. At the low end of the spectrum, car accidents are a nuisance, at the other end, they can be devastating.

Arguably one of the hardest and most unpleasant thing for a person to do is own up to their mistakes. When a person has caused an accident, no matter how bad, they need to stay and deal with it. If a person doesn’t stay, either because they are late for something or they are afraid of the consequences, they are guilty of hit and run. Facing hit and run charges can be a lot worse than simply dealing with the accident when it happens, which is part of the reason why the law exists in the first place.

What Is the Definition of Hit and Run?

California Vehicle Code (VC) 20002 and VC 20001 are both about hit and run crime. VC 20002 defines misdemeanor hit and run, while VC 20001 lays out the parameters of felony hit and run. The difference between the two is dependent on what was damaged. One law deals with property damage, and the other is more concerned about whether people were harmed or killed.

In California, a driver who has been involved in an accident has certain duties that they have to do. The drivers have to do these things regardless of whether or not the accident was there fault. For instance, after an accident, a driver is expected to pullover immediately. They then need to talk to anyone else who was involved with the accident. They will need to provide their identifying information, driver’s license, and vehicle registration. Failing to do this can cause a driver to face hit and run charges.

VC 20002 defines misdemeanor hit and run in the state of California. Here in the state, a person is considered guilty of misdemeanor hit and run if:

They leave the scene of an accident without at least identifying themselves to the other parties involved.
And another party’s property was damaged. Property can be anything from a mailbox to a car to a pet.

This law also applies to any driver who has hit a parked car. If the owner of the other vehicle is not present, the driver needs to either wait to see if the owner shows up, or leave a note with their contact information and a description of what happened. The note should be left in location where the owner of the vehicle can find it. The driver should then contact the local authorities to inform them of the incident. Doing this will show that the driver tried to remedy the situation and did not perform a hit and run.

VC 20001 deals with hit and run incidents that involve the injury of death of a person. This is a felony charge since causing harm to a person is a much bigger deal than damaging someone else’s property. As such, the consequences of the law are more severe than misdemeanor hit and run. The rules for felony hit and run are the same as misdemeanor, except instead of property being damage, a person was hurt.

Due to the distinction between the two charges, it is possible for a person to be charged with both misdemeanor and felony hit and run for the same accident.

What Are the Penalties for Hit and Run in California?

The penalties for hit and run vary depending on which charge the person is facing. If a person is facing misdemeanor charges under VC 20002, they will face:

  • A max fine of $1,000.
  • Up to 6 months in jail.
  • Up to 3 years informal probation.
  • Restitution’s for damages.
  • Two points on the driver’s record.
  • Increased insurance rates.

Felony hit and run under VC 20001 comes with these consequences:

  • A fine anywhere from $1,000 to $10,000.
  • 3 to 4 years in prison.
  • Restitutions.

Staying and Dealing with Accidents

While facing the consequences is never fun, running from them is even worse. This is especially true with regards to car accidents. A driver is far better off to stay and deal with the accident rather than leaving and facing hit and run charges. State law takes hit and run charges very seriously, which means that drivers should take this sort of thing seriously as well.

Even if the accident was not the driver’s fault, they can be charged with hit and run charges just for leaving the scene of the accident. If a driver wants to avoid the extra trouble, they need to stay at the scene and deal with the accident.

how to post bail in san bernardino

Penny Bail Bonds in San Bernardino Will Guide You through Uncharted Territory

how to post bail in san bernardino

Finding out that you need to bail someone out of jail isn’t exactly exciting news. You go from having a normal day to stressing about how you are going to help out your friend or family member. After all, like most people, you’ve never bailed someone out of jail. This is uncharted territory as you set off to rescue your loved one.

You are going to want a professional guide to help you get through this. Luckily, this can easily be done by contacting Penny Bail Bonds in San Bernardino. For over 30 years, we have helped thousands of Californians rescue their loved ones from jail. We know everything about bailing someone out of jail and will be more than happy to share this information with you.

You can talk to one of our caring bail agents at any time. They are available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Our agents will happily answer your questions about the bail process and your loved one’s arrest. They will provide you with a personalized payment plan to make paying for the bail bond easier.

This customized payment plan will break up the upfront cost of the bail bond and spreads it out over several months. Each monthly payment is designed with your budget in mind, meaning that you can actually afford it. The payment plan is often the difference between whether or not a client can afford to bail out their loved one.

Bailing someone out of jail for the first time may seem like a daunting task, but it is nothing to worry about. Our bail agents here at Penny Bail Bonds in San Bernardino will show you how easy it is to post someone’s bail. They will even help make it affordable for you. So long as you come to Penny Bail Bonds in San Bernardino, you will not have to worry.


Are you ready to bail out your loved one? If so, call 866-736-6977 or click Chat With Us now.


questions about bail bonds san bernardino

The 5 Most Common Bail Questions

questions about bail bonds san bernardino

For most people, bailing someone out of jail is a strange new experience. This is due to the fact that no one ever really plans on needing bail, so they never learn about it. Luckily, the professionals here at Penny Bail Bonds in San Bernardino are more than willing to help out. They are always ready and willing to answer your questions about the bail bonds process.

In order to help you out, here are the five most common questions that our bail agents receive.

    1. How much does a bail bond cost?

    Pricing is dependent on the amount of the bail. In California, bail bond companies charge 10% of the bail price. If your loved one’s bail is $10,000, then it will cost $1,000 to bail him out using a bail bond.

    2. How long does it take for my loved one to be released?

    After the initial payment has been received, your loved one can be out in as little as 2 hours. However, the time varies from county to county, depending on the current workload of the jail.

    3. What happens if I miss a payment?

    If you happen to miss a payment, it is not a big deal. If you know in advance that you are going to be late on a payment, let us know. We know life can be difficult at times and things that were certain a few months ago, might have changed. If your budget has changed, we can work with you on payments and even readjust your payment plan to fit your new budget.

    4. Do you offer discounts?

    Yes, we can offer a 20% discount on the price of the bail bond if a co-signer is a union member, a member of the military, a member of AARP, is a homeowner, or if the client has a private attorney. With this discount, instead of paying $1,000 for the same bond, you only have to pay $800.

    5. What is a co-signer?

    A co-signer is anyone who is willing to sign for your loved one’s release. The signer is promising that all the money will be paid and that their loved one will go to all of their court dates. A co-signer takes responsibility for their loved one.

It is understandable to have a lot of questions about bailing someone out of jail. After all, nobody ever plans on needing to know about bail. Luckily, if you ever need bail help, you can count on Penny Bail Bonds in San Bernardino to be there for you.


You can get a free consultation at any time by calling 866-736-6977 or clicking Chat With Us now.


child left in car laws

At What Age Can You Leave Kids in Alone in a Car?

child left in car laws

No one ever said that parenting was an easy job. Being a parent is arguably one of the hardest jobs out there. This is largely in part to the fact that children don’t come with instruction manuals. Most of the skills required to raise kids is learned through either trial and error or comes from talking to another, more experienced parent.

Due to this fact, most parents have a lot of questions about varying aspects of raising children. Many of these questions are too risky to leave up to trial and error discovery. A perfect example of a question like this would be at what age you can leave a child alone in a vehicle? This is a valid question, since there is obviously some point when this becomes okay. After all, people leave adults in alone in their cars all of the time. So, at want point are ready to be left alone in the car while the parent makes a quick stop somewhere?

Why a Parent Shouldn’t Leave a Minor Alone in a Vehicle

Before we answer the question, it is a good idea to look at why kids shouldn’t be left alone in vehicles. Just about everyone realizes that kids are very vulnerable. This is especially true when they are very young. They are still learning how the world works, or how their body works. They also don’t have the best logic skills, such as cause and effect.

All sorts of things can happen when a child is alone. Three of the big reasons why young children should not be left alone in a vehicle include:

  • The child can do something to the vehicle, such as putting it into gear or lock themselves inside with the keys.
  • Some horrible person could see the child alone and kidnap him or her.
  • If the weather is warm outside, the child could overheat inside the vehicle.

All of these things can be very bad and dangerous. No parent ever wants to experience something like this happening to their child. While they tried to run a quick errand inside.

When Can Kids Be Left Alone in Cars?

As with leaving children home alone, the decision to leave a child alone in a vehicle is often dependent on the child. All children mature at different rates. Some kids may become mature enough to be left alone in a vehicle for a few minutes sooner than others. It is up to the parent to decide when the child is ready to handle that kind of responsibility.

While this can be pretty tough for parents to determine, parents living in California have a little bit of guidance with California Vehicle Code (VC) 15620. This law states that no parent or guardian of a child under the age of six can leave the child unattended in a vehicle. The only time a child under the age of 6 can be left in a vehicle is if a child 12 or older is in the vehicle as well.

    Breaking VC 15620 is an infraction level offense. This means that a person will not face any jail time, and will be fined $100.

Something else to consider is that the law changes from state to state. Currently 19 states haves laws regarding leaving children unattended in vehicles. This means that parents who are traveling should be aware of which states have these laws, and what exactly they are. For instance in Connecticut, it is illegal to leave any child under the age of 12 alone in a car.

It Is up to the Parent

No one ever said raising kids would be easy, and since every child is different, what works for some kids may not work for others. Parents need to keep that in mind when raising their children, as well as know what laws there are here in California regarding child safety. By doing that, a parent can keep their child safe and happy, and keep themselves out of trouble with the law.

new california laws 2019

New California Laws for 2018

new california laws 2019

With the arrival of a brand new year, it should come as no surprise that there are some shiny new laws going into effect in California this January, 2019. Some of the laws are meant to help make the state greener, and others are meant to make it safer. All of the new laws going into effect this January vary from limiting the use of plastic straws at restaurants to who can purchase a gun in the state.

All California residents should read up on these new laws to help ensure that they don’t accidentally break any of them. After all, no one wants to get into trouble for breaking a law, especially not one that they didn’t know about.

New Food Related Laws

First up is one that caused quite a bit of a stir when it was first announced a year ago. Starting January 1st, sit-down restaurants, not fast food restaurants, will only be able to provide plastic straws to customers upon request. They will no longer be permitted to hand them out with the drinks. If a business is caught violating this law, it can be fined up to $300. The hope with this law is that it will reduce the number of plastic straws each day, which in turn, reduces how many end up in the dump or ocean.

Another law, aimed at helping families, primarily the children, stay healthy, has to do with kids meals. By default, all kid’s meals will have to list water or milk as the main drink option. Soft drinks will still be available, but the idea is to push families toward making healthier choices.

The last law removes criminal penalties for sidewalk food vendors. Cities will begin to license these vendors. Some counties and cities may even choose to allow cooks to sell food from their homes, provided they get a permit and have their home kitchen inspected. This law is meant to help hardworking people make an honest living without the fear of facing criminal charges.

New Gun Laws

Starting in February, the minimum age to buy certain guns will raise from 18 to 21. If person wants to buy a long gun, they will need to be 21 or older. However, there are exceptions if a person is a licensed hunter, law enforcement officer, or a member of the military.

Another new law piggybacks off an existing law that provided lifetime firearm bans for anyone with a felony conviction. This new law makes it so that anyone convicted of misdemeanor domestic violence can never purchase a gun. With this law, the goal is to try and prevent any domestic violence cases from getting worse.

Lastly, all gun stores will now be required to post safety warning in their stores about the risks and rules of handling a gun in the state of California. The idea of this law being that people will be more aware of what they are getting into when they purchase a firearm.

Other Laws Going Into Effect

Some of the other new laws for this year, in theory, will make it harder for higher ups in businesses to avoid any sexual abuse claims against them.

Another law requires employers to provide employees who are new mothers with a private space, other than a bathroom, to pump. This was inspired by a 2018 law in San Francisco.

Dealing with new laws can be a bit of a challenge. After all, everyone struggles with adapting to change from time to time. Luckily, many of this year’s new laws only apply to certain groups of people, making life a little bit easier for the majority of Californians this year. Despite that fact, keeping up to date with all new laws is always a good idea. Doing so is a great way for a person to keep themselves out of trouble in the coming year.