safety tips for social media posting

Be Careful What You Share Online

safety tips for social media posting

Most people nowadays are in quite a rush to post something on social media after an exciting or infuriating event happens. Everyone is so used to that sharing, that often times, they forget to realize that they might be oversharing. There somethings that are better kept to oneself, and not posted online.

Everything that goes up onto a social media site can affect a person in one way or another. Creating a post can get a person attention, but sometimes it can come with more attention the person really wanted. For instance, in today’s modern world, most companies will examine a person’s social media accounts to determine if the person is the kind of employee they want to have working for them.

This is why a person needs to be very careful with what they share on social media, or even share with friends through electronic communications such as text and email. A person never really knows who might see things.

Good Tips for What Not to Post or Share

When it comes to a person posting things online, it is best to assume that nothing they share is private. This rings true even if a person has a private account. There are countless ways for people to get around that privacy. For instance, a friend of the posters could like the post and share it with their friends, and so on and so on. Perhaps a hacker gets ahold of the account and makes some of the more embarrassing or private posts public. Something like this could lead to problems later on for whoever created the post.

Another good bit of advice when it comes to making a social media posts is to never make one when upset. People don’t always make the best decisions when they are angry or upset, which means they would most likely make a bad post that could come back to haunt them. The worst part about them is these things are permanent. Even if the post is deleted, it can still exist elsewhere on the internet.

Even when it comes to messaging people, a person should be careful of what they send and to who. Some people can be trusted with private information and pictures, others can’t be. This is especially true when it comes to sending nude photos to significant others. If the couple experiences a bad break up, they may post the photos online as a form of revenge. While this is illegal, some people still do it and once those photos are online, they can never truly be taken down.

Things That Should Never Be Shared

There are a few basic things that should never be shared online, these things include:

  • Confidential information. This includes things such as social security numbers, home addresses, online account passwords, info that could be used as a clue to a password, and personal phone numbers. This information can be used to steal a person’s identity, find their home, or harass them over the phone.
  • Financial Information. This includes bank records, account numbers, and credit card information. Identity thieves can use this info to access those accounts and steal the money within.
  • A Person’s Schedule. This includes the person’s work schedule and any vacation plans they might have. Thieves can use this to know when a person isn’t home, and know exactly when to rob the person’s home.
  • Work Information. This includes clients that the person may work for, or coworkers they may work with. Sharing stuff like this can get the person into trouble at work if they are not careful.

A person should never share this kind of information about themselves online, and they definitely shouldn’t share this kind of information about others. Once this information is posted online, it can be there forever, despite having the post deleted. If it falls into the wrong hands, someone could find themselves in serious trouble.

Practice Safe Sharing Online

As fun as it can be to share exciting information with friends on social media, sometimes it is best to not share everything. Somethings can cause trouble if a person is not careful. Add that to the fact that once stuff is on the web, it can be very difficult to remove. That is why everyone should carefully consider everything they post online. Doing so could mean the difference between embarrassment, and staying sane, or getting the job the person really wants.

california drone laws

Did You Know about These FAA Drone Regulations?

california drone laws

Today, drones are the latest and greatest thing. These small, remote-controlled little vehicles can provide just about anyone with a stunning, bird’s eye view of an area. Some of the imagery captured by drones, whether it be pictures or video footage, is usually quite stunning. This has people racing to get out there and buy their own drones. Unfortunately, this has caused quite a few problems.

Many either forget, or just don’t know, that flying a drone is regulated by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). This means that there are a lot of rules to flying these tiny vehicles around. If a wannabe pilot breaks one of these rules, they could face some pretty serious consequences.

Drone Laws and the FAA

Drones is very loose term that means anything from the large unmanned aircrafts that the military uses, to model aircrafts, to the quadcopters that most people now think of when discussing drones. The FAA views drones as aircraft. Small ones, yes, but aircraft nonetheless. This means that as an aircraft, it and the pilot, the person controlling it from the ground, are subject to regulations from the FAA.

For starters, all drones .55 and 55 pounds need to be registered with the FAA. This costs $5 and the registration lasts for three years. This will give the owner a registration number that must be marked on their drone in some way, such as:

  • Engraving
  • Permanent Label
  • Permanent Marker

Most importantly, it is important to know where a person can legally fly their drone. Drones can be flown on private property, provided the pilot has permission from the owner, or at local parks. Some areas where drones shouldn’t be flown include:

  • Over 400 feet in the air.
  • Near airports.
  • Near manned aircraft.
  • Near stadiums.
  • Near large crowds of people.

Some other remaining rules include:

  • Taking a class before flying in the open.
  • Don’t fly recklessly.
  • Don’t fly anything over 55 pounds.
  • Don’t fly drones for money unless licensed to do so.

Drone Spies on Baseball Game

Recently, drones made headlines when it was discovered that someone flew their drone over Boston’s Fenway Park during a Red Sox game. This goes against FAA regulations, and once Park Security saw the drone, they immediately reported the incident to the police. Police, along with other security agencies are investigating the matter.

The drone appeared to be a DJI Phantom and the manufacturer is working with the authorities as best as possible to hopefully locate the pilot. The company released a statement that the pilot must have found a way to override the geofencing that would have been in place around the stadium.

This recent incident has added fuel to the fire of the FAA requiring all drones to have a remote identification system so that airborne drones. This way, when drones are noticed flying in restricted areas, the pilot can be found through the drone’s registration.

More Laws Are on the Horizon

Flying a drone can be a lot of fun, and offer a person a spectacular view of the world around them. Unfortunately, drones can also pose a risk to people and operations going on in the area. Flying drones near airports can causes flights to be delayed or even diverted since air traffic control doesn’t want to risk a collision. Similar incidents can happen near forest fires where firefighting aircraft need to fly low to battle the blaze. Drones can risk the aircraft’s safety.

Did you know about these rules and regulations, and what do you think about the FFA possibly requiring drones to be equipped with remote identification systems. Is it a good idea, or too much of a hassle? Let us know what you think in the comments down below.

california stun gun laws

Is It Legal to Own a Stun Gun or Pepper Spray in California?

california stun gun laws

Everyone wants to feel safe wherever they go. Sometimes that means a person carries something around with them in case they need to defend themselves. Two of the most common and popular forms of non-lethal defense are stun guns and pepper spray. While people want to be safe, they also want to ensure that they aren’t breaking any laws in doing so.

This can be especially tricky here in California. This state has a lot of laws that people aren’t familiar with, but are pretty easy to break. This is especially true when it comes to weapons of any sort. While both pepper spray and stun guns are non-lethal, they are still categorized as weapons. This means there are strict rules that have to be followed, or else a person could find themselves in legal trouble.

Pepper Spray Laws in California

Pepper spray is a chemical compound derived from chili plants. When it is sprayed onto a person’s face, it can cause severe, but temporary reactions, including:

  • Eyes tearing up.
  • Coughing.
  • Tightening of the chest.
  • Mucus secretions.
  • A burning sensation.

Needless to say, being sprayed with the stuff is not a pleasant experience, which is why it is commonly used as a self-defense, non-lethal weapon.

Pepper spray is legal to own and use within the state of California by both law enforcement agents and private individuals over the age of 16. However, pepper spray can only legally be used in self-defense situations. It cannot be used to attack someone.

To complicate things a little further, the term “use” is looked at in a unique way here in California. A person can be considered using pepper spray if they simply hold the container in threatening manner. It doesn’t matter if the container is empty or full, sprayed or not. Holding it means it was used.

Using pepper spray in non-self-defense situations can earn a person a misdemeanor or felony charge, depending on the circumstances. That means there can be heavy fines, and even jail time.

People who are prohibited from using pepper spray include:

  • People convicted of a felony.
  • People convicted of assault.
  • Minors under the age of 16 without parental permission.
  • Anyone addicted to narcotics.

Interestingly, pepper spray is illegal to use in war since it is considered a chemical weapon, but is still allowed to be used in self-defense situations.

What Are Stun Guns

Stun guns, or Tasers as they are commonly called, are a special type of weapon designed to immobilize an attacker by applying large amounts of electricity. California Penal Code (PC) 244.5 defines a stun gun as any offensive or defensive weapon capable of immobilizing a person by the infliction of an electrical charge. By simply sending jolts of electricity through a person’s body, their muscles will tense up, restricting movement and causing pain, thereby incapacitating the person.

For people wondering about the difference between stun guns and Tasers, Tasers are actually a specific brand of stun guns. This is similar to how Chap Stick is actually a specific brand of lip balm.

Stun guns are legal to own and use, for self-defense purposes, within the state of California by law enforcement officers and private individuals over the age of 16 and have parental permission. Felons and minors under the age of 16 are prohibited by law from owning or using a stun gun.

Assaulting someone with a stun gun can be a misdemeanor or felony, depending on the circumstances of the crimes and the person’s criminal record. This can earn a person jail or prison time, and up to $10,000 in fines.

Stay Safe Out There

Everyone wants to feel safe, and everyone has their preferred method of self-defense. For those out there using pepper spray or stun guns, just be sure to only every use or brandish these weapons in self-defense. If a person uses these items to attack another person, they can face serious legal trouble. That is something nobody wants to deal with.

It is also important to note that these sort of laws vary from state to state. What may be okay to do here in California may not be allowed in other states. A person should keep this in mind if they are ever traveling across the country. After all, no one wants to get into legal trouble for simply trying to defend themselves.

What do you think about California’s take on pepper spray and stun guns? Should there be more or less restrictions? Are things fine the way they are now? Let us know what you think in the comments down below.

california assembly bill 272

Could Cellphones Be Banned in California Schools?

california assembly bill 272

Things have changed a lot since most adults were in school. A popular question in math classes used to be if a student could use a calculator on their test. The teachers would usually say no, along with a comment about needing to know how to do the math on their own because: “You won’t be walking around with a calculator in your pocket.” Flash forward 10 years and everyone is doing just that.

Pretty much everyone has a cellphone, and regardless if it is smart or not, they all have calculators built in. This makes some math teachers sound pretty silly nowadays. Aside from proving our old math teachers wrong, smart phones allow a person to get any kind of information that they could possibly need thanks to their connection to the internet.

While this can be a very useful tool, it can also be very distracting. Let’s be honest, more often than not, when a person is on their phone, they are goofing off rather than working. This is just for adults, kids have even less self-control. This is why cellphones are such a problem in schools. They distract students and disrupt the flow of teaching. That is why one lawmaker is looking to change things.

Assembly Bill 272 has been Introduced

According to a report from 2016, around 73% of teens had a smart phone. California Assemblyman Al Muratsuchi recently introduced a new bill that would require all school boards across the state to create new policies that would limit or restrict cellphones, particularly smart phones, usage on school grounds.

Schools wouldn’t have to outright ban smart phones on their grounds, but the law would force them into reevaluating their policies. This would thereby ensure that the school is doing everything it can in regards to the matter.

For instance, some schools could chose to ban smart phones, but still allow a student to use one if it is for academic purposes, provided they have teacher approval. This way, the distraction of the cellphone is removed, but its usefulness as a tool could still be available when needed.

In part, the new bill was inspired by a recent law that France enacted last year. This law banned cellphones from primary and middle schools across the country. The law was enacted with the intent of increase student performance at school.

This law is also inspired by countless studies that have found smart phones can be distracting and lower a student’s performance in school. In addition, children who spend too much time on social media are more likely to describe themselves as unhappy.

Cellphones Are Distracting

There is no denying that smartphones can be incredibly distracting to us adults, and especially to children. In addition, spending too much time on social media sites can potentially increase chances of depression and suicide in a person, especially teenagers. At least as adults, people are able to better set limits for themselves. Adults are able to recognize when enough is enough and take a step back. Students have a much harder time doing that.

In an effort to help kids learn more and schools, and protect their mental health, some lawmakers are pushing to ban or restrict cellphones in and on school grounds. What do you think of this new bill? Should cellphones be banned on school grounds, or should they just be restricted? Let us know what you think about this new bill in the comments down below.

new bac level in california

Will California Make it Easier to Get a DUI?

new bac level in california

Most people are aware of the fact that driving while drunk is a very bad thing to do. Driving under the influence (DUI) is an incredibly risky and dangerous act, not just for the driver, but everyone else they pass on the road. This is due to the fact that alcohol impairs a person’s abilities and thoughts, making them unfit to drive any sort of vehicle.

Despite knowing this fact, many drivers out there still break this law every single day. These drivers convince themselves that they are fine to drive, and that they aren’t that drunk. They drive off to wherever, and that’s where things go wrong.

There are laws against drunk driving in every single state in the Union in order to keep people safe. The laws here in California may just become a bit stricter thanks to a proposed bill currently going through the California State Assembly.

Current DUI Laws in California

The laws against drunk driving here in California are pretty straightforward and mesh with the laws in most other states. Anyone who is caught driving a motor vehicle, whether it be a car, truck, or boat, with a blood alcohol concentration of .08% or greater is guilty of committing DUI under state law.

For the most part, DUI in California is charged as a misdemeanor offense, unless someone was injured as a result of the crime. A first time DUI offense earns a driver:

  • Up to 6 months in jail.
  • A max fine of $1,000.
  • 4 month driver’s license suspension.
  • Up to 9 months of DUI School.

Subsequent offenses earn a driver more jail time, longer license suspensions, and more required DUI School. After a driver receives four DUI’s, or injures someone due to their recklessness, they will be charged with felony DUI.

This comes with much heftier consequences, including:

  • A state prison stay ranging from 16 months to 16 years.
  • A max fine of $5,000, plus any owed restitution to victims.
  • A driver’s license suspension ranging from 1 to 5 years.
  • 18 to 30 months of DUI School.

The exact consequences of felony DUI are dependent on the circumstances of the crime in question, mainly if another person was injured or not.

California Assembly Bill 1713

Recently, California lawmakers in the State Assembly began considering Assembly Bill (AB) 1713. This new bill seeks to tighten restrictions on drunk driving by lowering the legal BAC in California. At first, this bill seeks to make it more legal for those who have been drinking to drive, it actually does the opposite.

By lowering the BAC from .08% to .05%, as the bill proposes, less alcohol would be required to be in a person’s blood for them to be considered drunk while driving. Many people across the state are in favor of this because they feel that having the standard at .08% is too high, and far too many drivers get away with driving while drunk because they didn’t reach that threshold.

This new proposed standard may seem extreme, but it is important to remember that commercial drivers, taxi drivers, truckers, and bus drivers, are all held to this standard already here in California. This proposed bill would be relatively new ground, since only one other state in the country has lowered the BAC of DUI’s, that state being Utah.

Don’t Drive While Drunk

Driving while drunk is never a good idea. It puts the driver’s own life at risk, as well as everyone else’s. While intoxicated, a person’s brain is not up to the task of controlling a motor vehicle. They have slower reaction times, less control over their body, and therefore are more likely to get into an accident.

With today’s modern technology, there is no reason to drive drunk. Anyone with a smartphone in their pocket can easily call a friend or family member to come pick them up, or better yet, hire a driver to come get them. With taxis, Lyft, and Uber, getting a ride home has never been easier.

What do you think of this proposed bill? Should California go through with lowering the BAC of DUI’s, or should the limit be left where it is at .08%? Let us know what you think in the comments down below.

child abuse vs discipline

Is it OK to Spank your Child in Public?

child abuse vs discipline

A parent’s job is not easy. Raising a child takes a lot of effort and time, and that is putting things mildly. Taking care of a child and raising him or her to be a functional adult is tough. It is even tougher when parents have to worry about whether or not what they are doing could get them into legal trouble.

This kind of thought is often brought up when it comes to punishing a child, especially corporal punishment. With all of the debating that surrounds this subject, many parents are left wondering where the line between punishment and abuse is drawn. They wonder if it is okay for them to spank their child in a public place for misbehaving, and fear that if they do, someone will report them to the authorities.

Child Abuse Is Harmful

Child abuse is not something to be taken lightly. This terrible crime occurs when a parent or caregiver causes injury, emotional harm, risk of harm, or death to a child, whether they intended to or not.

This abuse can come in all sorts of forms, from the obvious physical harm to other types of abuse, including:

  • Sexual abuse
  • Emotional abuse
  • Neglect

Abuse like this can leave lasting impacts on a child well into adulthood. That is why people fight so hard to stop and prevent child abuse, and why it is illegal to abuse a child.

When Does Discipline Become Child Abuse

Many adults nowadays grew up getting a spanking or two as a child. The spanking sent a very clear message to the child that that kind of behavior wouldn’t be tolerated. For some people, after getting just a few spankings, the threat alone of one would keep them in line from that point on.

However, nowadays this is a very controversial subject. There is a lot of debate amongst people on whether or not spanking a child is a form of child abuse. Here in the state of California, there is a somewhat clear line that separates corporal punishment from child abuse.
California Penal Code (PC) 273 covers many things relating to children, such as child endangerment and child abuse. The law makes it illegal to inflict and cruel or inhumane punishment on a minor under the age of 18. At first, this may sound like spanking would be illegal under this law, however that is not the case.

Spanking a child, with a bare hand or an object, is legal under California law so long as it falls within reasonable discipline.

This is often determined by two factors:

    1. Whether or not the punishment was warranted.
    2. Whether or not the punishment was considered excessive.

This means that a parent is allowed to spank their child, provided there was reason to do so and that they do not overdo the punishment.

What Are the Consequences if a Parent is Guilty of Child Abuse?

Here in California, PC 273 is a wobbler offense. This means that it can either be charged as a misdemeanor or as a felony. How the offense is charged is dependent on the facts of the incident in question.

When charged as a misdemeanor, PC 273 carries the following consequences:

  • Up to 1 year in county jail.
  • A max fine of $6,000.
  • Some combination of fine and jail time.

When charged as a felony, PC 273 consequences increase to:

  • 2, 4, or 6 years in state prison.
  • A max fine of $6,000.
  • Some combination of fine and prison time.

Aside from the legal consequences, being convicted for child abuse will also brand the person in the eyes of society, which can negatively affect the person for years to come.

Know the Difference

The bottom line is that here in California, a parent is allowed to spank their child so long as the punishment fits the crime. If a parent overdoes the punishment, then it could be considered abuse.

If a person suspects that a child may be the victim of abuse, they should report it to the proper authorities. Here in California, this means reporting the incident or case to the California Department of Social Services (CDSS). The CDSS has a 24-hour emergency hotline for Child Protective Services for each individual county, the numbers of which can be found here. It can also be a good idea to make a report with the local police or sheriff’s department.

What do you think of California’s ruling on spankings and child abuse in general? Let us know in the comments down below.

hit and run laws and animals

What Should a Driver Do After Hitting an Animal?

hit and run laws and animals

Most pet owners care deeply about their furry little companions. To them, pets are more than just animals, they are a part of the family. Pet owners, the good ones anyways, would do anything for their furry companions in order to keep them safe and happy. People love their pets. Unfortunately, not every pet, or animal, is as well cared for as it should be. There are many animals out there that find themselves wandering the streets when their owner isn’t paying attention.

The streets are not designed to be safe for pets. They are designed to help get vehicles quickly from point A to point B. Cars are very unlikely to stop unless a sign or signal tells them to. Unfortunately, this simple concept goes over the heads of pets. They do not realize that running across the street is a bad idea. This little action can lead to very bad results for the pet and any unsuspecting drivers.

Who’s Fault Is It?

The last thing any driver wants to do is end up in an accident. All accidents are bad and unpleasant to deal with. No one wants to be responsible for hitting or breaking another person’s property. This is why some people, when given the chance, run away from the accident instead of dealing with it. This is especially true when a person hits an animal.

What many people do not realize, is that by hitting an animal, they have technically been in an accident. When the leave the scene without taking care of things, they have committed hit and run. They can actually face criminal charges for doing this.

Drivers who drive off after hitting an animal are often afraid of any repercussions for the accident. However, they often don’t realize that drivers don’t get into trouble for this. In the eyes of the law, it is actually the pet owner who is responsible. After all, it is the owner’s responsibility to keep the animal safe, which they failed to do if the animal was in the road.

What Should the Driver Do?

As with any accident, the first thing a driver should do is safely pullover to the side of the road. Once that has been done, the driver should check on the animal. If the animal is still alive, then they should call local law enforcement for assistance.

If the animal is still in the road, the driver can attempt to move it to the side, but should only do so if it is safe. Injured animals are often scared and in a lot of pain, which makes them unpredictable. Even if a person is trying to help, the animal may lash out.

The next step would be to try and locate the animal’s owner. If the animal has a tag, the driver should try to look at that. If there are people around, the driver can ask them if they know who the animal belongs to.

Some people may feel compelled to place the animal in their car and take it to a vet. Drivers are not required by law to do this, and should be aware that if they do, they take responsibility for the animal. This means that if no owner can be identified, than the driver will be responsible for any vet expenses.

The Driver Needs to Stop

The bottom line is, when a driver hits an animal, they need to stop and deal with the accident. If they don’t, they can face legal consequences for committing hit and run. Here in California, this would be considered a misdemeanor crime that earns a person:

  • Up to 6 months in jail.
  • A max base fine of $1,000.
  • Up to 3 years of informal probation.
  • Owing restitution to the animal’s owner.
  • 2 points on the driver’s record.

If a person doesn’t want to face these kind of consequences, then they need to stop and deal with the unpleasantness of hitting an animal. By doing so, they take responsibility and will most likely no get into trouble.

california roundabout laws

Learning to Cope with Roundabouts in the US

california roundabout laws

There is no denying that the average driver has to deal with a lot of obnoxiousness while behind the wheel of the car. Any driver could list at least a dozen different scenarios that drive them absolutely crazy. Whether it dealing with jaywalking pedestrians, or tailgating jerks, every driver has dealt with their fair share of frustrations.

While those scenarios are difficult and frustrating, there are others that don’t spring to mind but can be just as aggravating. These instances usually arise when the driver encounters something and they aren’t quite sure how to respond or proceed. A perfect example of this for most American drivers would be when they come across a roundabout.

These relatively simple, at least on paper, traffic intersections can be quite confusing for us American drivers when encountered in the “wild.” However, they shouldn’t be feared. Many studies have proven that roundabouts can provide a lot of benefits. Most US drivers just need a refresher in how to handle them.

What Are Roundabouts?

For those drivers who have never encountered a roundabout, which isn’t impossible here in the US, a roundabout is a type of circular intersection that permits traffic to flow in one direction around the circle. Other common names include traffic circles and road circles. However, these two aren’t exactly accurate. A true roundabout doesn’t use any signs or signals to control the flow of traffic, whereas traffic circles do.

Roundabouts are fairly uncommon across the United States. Meanwhile, they are extremely prominent in other countries. For instance, drivers in France, which had over 30,000 roundabouts in 2008, are around 25 times more likely to encounter a roundabout that drivers in the United States. This is quite impressive considering the vast size difference between the two countries.

One study estimated that an American driver will go through roughly 1,100 intersections before ever encountering a roundabout. Going back to France, French drivers are estimated to encounter a roundabout every 45 intersections.

These statistics are pretty impressive, considering that, according to the UK Roundabout Appreciation Society, American businessman William Phelps Eno was the first man to come up with a roundabout by designing the system for Columbus Circle in New York City.

The Benefits of Roundabouts

There have been dozens upon dozens of studies into roundabouts and their benefits. The largest benefit being how they help the flow of traffic. Unlike conventional intersections, roundabouts do not require traffic to stop, simply slow down. This means that traffic can keep moving at a steady pace, thereby reducing congestion.

On top of keeping traffic moving, roundabouts have also been proven to be much safer than typical intersections. According to a report from the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, on average, roundabouts experience 39% fewer vehicle collisions, 76% fewer injuries, and 90% fewer serious injuries and fatalities. This is largely due to the fact that they reduce speeds and reduce the amount of collision points in the intersection itself. Most collisions in roundabouts happen at much slower speeds and are only glancing blows, instead of head-on impacts.

Lastly, due to the lack of stopping and idling at roundabouts, these intersections also help cut back on pollution. Cars are often able to keep moving through roundabouts, which means that gas they are burning is actually being used rather than being wasted. On top of that, since there is less stopping and going, there is less noise pollution as well. This is due to the fact that engines make more noise when they are working to get a car moving again after a full stop.

How to Deal with Roundabouts

Roundabouts are not as scary as they may appear. Often times, they only look confusing because they are new, not because they are difficult. There are a few simple rules to keep in mind when going through a roundabout.

  • Drivers entering a roundabout have to yield to cars already in the roundabout. A driver should never force their way into a roundabout, since cars in the circle have right-of-way.
  • Drivers should stay in their lane once in the roundabout. Do not change lanes partway through.
  • Never stop in a roundabout. These intersections are meant to keep traffic flowing, stopping within one will more than likely cause an accident.
  • Avoid driving next to over-sized vehicles. Large vehicles like buses and semi-trucks will likely drift into neighboring lanes as they make turns, so it is best to keep some distance.

That’s all there is to it. So long as a driver pays attention to the signs as they approach, and keep these rules in mind, they will be just fine. They will be able to keep moving to their destination without having to stop and wait for a light to change.

how to protect your child from a bully

How Can We Get Rid of Bullying?

how to protect your child from a bully

Bullying in schools and online is a very important issue and topic of conversation. Just ask anyone, and they will tell you that bullying needs to be eradicated. Unfortunately, since this conversation still exists, bullying is still a thing. This is despite everyone’s insistence that it should be dealt with. Often times, the problem is that kids just don’t see bullying the way adults do.

This means that it is up to the parents and school administrators to try and curb bullying. The parents can tackle the problem when their child is at home. Meanwhile, the school can deal with the issue when the child is on the campus. If both sides do their part and work with one another, then they can stand of chance of fixing the problem before it gets too out of hand.

What Is Bullying?

Bullying is any repeated act of aggressive behavior toward a specific individual. This aggressive and threatening behavior can happen in person or online. The act bullying can take many forms, including:

  • Physical – This includes things such as hitting or pushing. It even includes threats of violence.
  • Verbal – This includes acts such as name calling and taunting.
  • Relationship – This includes refusing to interact with the victim or spreading rumors about the person.

Bullying can be very damaging to a person, especially children. Kids who are bullied are more likely to skip school, in order to avoid the bully, and are much more likely to develop mental health issues such as depression.

If parents want to keep their kids happy, healthy, and safe, then they need to work to help eradicate bullying.

Putting an end to bullying would be so much easier if kids actually talked to their parents about their problems, and if kids actually listened to everything that their parents tell them. Unfortunately, that is not how the world works.

How Can Parents of a Victim Help?

Kids often want to try to handling things themselves, or are too afraid to talk to their parents about a problem. This means it may be up to the parent to recognize that their child may be suffering from bullying and talk to him or her. Parents should always encourage their child to talk to them no matter what is going on. This means that the parent always has to be there for the child, even if the timing may not be convenient. So long as a parent does this, the child is more likely to open up when they have a problem.

A parent should not encourage their child to fight back against a bully. Most schools nowadays have zero tolerance policies toward violent behavior. Teaching a child to fight back against a bully might just lead to him or her being expelled. Instead, encourage the child to walk away and find a trusted adult to report the problem to.

It is also important to teach the child how to report the incident to an adult. If done incorrectly, the adult may just think the child is imply tattling, which won’t lead to any solutions.

In order to avoid this when reporting a bully to an adult, the child should:

  • Explain what the bully has done to make the child fearful or uncomfortable.
  • Say who the bully is.
  • List what the child has tried to do to get the bullying to stop.
  • An explanation of what the child wants the adult to do to make the bullying stop.
  • A parent can work with their child to help teach them the best ways to do this.

How Can Parents of the Bully Stop It?

It is one thing when a parent has a child that is being bullied, it is another thing when a parent’s child is the bully. First of all, identifying that a child might be a bully isn’t always easy.

A parent should look out for the following behavior in their child:

  • Is impulsive and gets angry quickly.
  • Hits or pushes others to take out aggression’s.
  • Hangs out with aggressive kids.
  • Fights frequently with siblings.
  • Doesn’t understand how actions might affect others.
  • Gets into trouble at school a lot.

If a parent sees a number of warning signs in their child, they may want to sit down and talk with him or her. The sooner this kind of bad behavior can be curbed, the better. Not only does it mean less people will get hurt by the behavior, but it also helps break it before it becomes an ingrained habit.

The next time the parent sees their child lashing out at someone, tell him or her to stop and if that fails, remove him or her from the situation. Then talk to the child about they could have handled that better. Help the child practice techniques to help control bad behavior, such as taking deep breaths and/or counting to ten.

Adults Need to Take Action

At the end of the day, kids are still learning about everything in the world around them. They need guidance from adults to teach them how to behave properly, without hurting others. Adults all need to take responsibility for the bullying problem. After all, everything kids learn, they learn from the people around them.

Adults need to put their best foot forward when kids are around and set a good example. They also need to sit down and talk with their kids when they exhibit bad behaviors. By doing both of these simple things, an adult is taking action against bullying.

consequences for making annoying calls

Can You Get Arrested for Making a Phone Call?

consequences for making annoying calls

Cell phones have made communication very easy since their creation. Before, the only times when people could use phones were when they found one mounted to a wall. Nowadays, everyone walks around with a phone in their pockets. Staying in touch with loved ones has never been easier.

Unfortunately, there is a drawback to this. Not only is it easier for a person to contact whoever they want, it is easier for others to reach that particular person. This is both a blessing and a curse. Just ask anyone who has ever found themselves in the unfortunate position of having their phone number on a telemarketer’s list.

What some Californians are not aware of, is the fact that making annoying phone calls can be considered a crime in the state. If phone calls meets certain conditions, it can get the caller into legal trouble.

The Law against Annoying Phone Calls

The state of California actually has a law against annoying phone calls; Penal Code (PC) 653. This law makes it a crime for a person to intentionally make annoying or harassing phone calls to a person. Aside from phone calls, this law also extends electronic communications sent through phones such as texts or emails. This law is usually applied in instances of stalking or domestic abuse, but can potentially be applied to prank phone calls as well.

The law lists 3 elements that can make up an annoying phone call:

  • The caller uses obscene language.
  • The caller threatens the person they called.
  • There are repeated phone calls.

If one of those elements is met, then the phone call can be considered annoying. However, it is important to realize the intent of the call needs to be to annoy or harass the other person. If that intent is not there, then the call won’t be considered annoying. Unfortunately, this means that calls from telemarketers aren’t considered annoying phone calls under this law.

Typically in law, the word obscene means sexual in nature. However, that is not the exact case for this law. Here, courts have decided that obscene can also stand for crude or offensive language. Basically, if a caller cusses out a person, they can be found guilty of making an annoying phone call under PC 653. However, this does not stand if the caller normally uses a lot of swearing when talking to the person and vice versa.

If a caller threatens the person they called with either violence or injury, they have committed an annoying phone call. This also extends to the person’s family and property. If either are threatened by the caller, then the caller has likely broken the law.

Penalties of Breaking PC 653

Breaking PC 653 is a misdemeanor offense in the state of California. If a person is found guilty of making annoying phone calls, then they can face:

  • Up to 6 months in county jail.
  • A fine no larger than $1,000.
  • Some combination of fine and jail time.

In some cases, the defendant may only be put on probation or be required to participate in counseling.

Annoying Phone Calls Are Annoying to Receive

While cell phones are great and open up a whole new avenue of communication, there are some calls that people just don’t want to get. No one wants to receive annoying phone calls, and no one wants to be threatened over the phone. Everyone has the right to feel safe, which is why California put this law into effect.

If a person is thinking of making a prank call, something that is often considered harmless, they may want to think again. It can get them into trouble with the law if they are not careful. After all, no one wants to go to jail for making a phone call.