animal cruelty laws in california

Animal Abuse Is Against the Law

animal cruelty laws in california

Every good pet owner would agree that their pet’s well-being often comes before their own. They want to make sure that their pet is safe and happy. Even most non pet owners want to help out animals who are in distress, if they can. Sadly, not everyone is so compassionate. There are some people out there who simply don’t care about animals, or find it fun to cause harm to them.

This is why there are laws in place that make it illegal to cause harm or distress to an animal. California’s primary animal abuse law is Penal Code (PC) 597. This law protects all animals, including:

  • Domesticated pets
  • Strays
  • Wild animals

The law covers all kinds of different forms of animal cruelty, including but not limited to:

  • Neglect
  • Cockfighting
  • Dogfighting
  • Leaving animals unattended in vehicles

PC 597 prohibits a person from maliciously or intentionally harming an animal in anyway way that a person could possibly think of. If a person is caught breaking this law, they could face either misdemeanor or felony charges, depending on the case. As a misdemeanor charge, a person can face up to a year in county jail and a fine of no more than $20,000. Felony charges can earn a person 16 months, 2, or 3 years in jail, and a similar fine to that of the misdemeanor charges.

Most people do not want to harm animals, whether they are their pets or not, so they don’t have to worry too much about being charged with animal abuse. Since animals cannot speak for themselves, a person is encouraged to contact local law enforcement if they see or suspect that an animal is being abused.

dui laws in california

It Is Never Okay to Drink and Drive

dui laws in california

If you were to ask anyone if driving while drunk was a safe thing to do, they would tell you it is a very dangerous thing to do. In 2017, 29% of all driving fatalities were caused by drunk drivers. This amounted to nearly 11,000 deaths that could have easily been prevented. With all the advances in technology, getting a safe ride home has never been easier. There is never a reason to get behind the wheel of a vehicle while drunk.

Drunk driving is illegal in every single state in the US due to how dangerous it is. Getting caught while driving under the influence carries heavy penalties, especially for repeat offenders. The laws and penalties vary by state. Here in California, the state has several different laws surrounding the act of driving under the influence (DUI).

Penalties of DUI

All California laws surrounding DUI basically state that a person should never get behind the wheel of a vehicle while intoxicated. What changes through these various laws is the exact circumstances. If a person is simply caught driving while intoxicated, they will face consequences under Vehicle Code (VC) 23152. If they cause injury to someone else, then they will face charges under VC 23153.
A person can even get into trouble for refusing to provide a breath or blood sample to an officer during a traffic stop. This can be charged under VC 23612.

The penalties for committing DUI vary depending on the crime itself and the driving record of the driver in question. The typical consequences for DUI can include:

  • Informal probation.
  • Max 6 month jail sentence for first offense/ Max 1 year for repeat offenders.
  • Base fines of $390 to $1,000.
  • Suspended or revoked driver’s license.
  • DUI school.
  • Community service.
  • Requirement to attend AA meetings.
  • Vehicle being impounded.
  • Instillation of breathalyzer ignition device on vehicle.
  • Victim restitution’s if someone was hurt.

Generally, DUI’s are misdemeanor offenses, unless:

  • Someone was seriously hurt.
  • Someone was killed.
  • This is the driver’s fourth DUI in a 10 year period.
  • This is the driver’s third DUI that harmed someone in a 10 year period.
  • The driver has a prior felony DUI in a 10 year period.

Felony DUI convictions can come with the already mentioned penalties, as well as these increased penalties:

  • Formal probation.
  • Prison sentences, which vary from case to case.
  • Base fines between $390 and $5,000.

DUI for Professional Drivers

The fact that DUI laws apply to all drivers is a given. However, what some people may not know is that this law applies differently to drivers who are for-hire. A for-hire driver being someone who drives a vehicle such as a taxi, bus, Lyft, or Uber.

Normally, drivers are only considered intoxicated if they have a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of 0.08%. However, for-hire drivers are only allowed to have a BAC of 0.04%. If a for-hire driver is caught driving with that level of BAC or hire, they will face DUI charges, which would likely mean a suspension of their driver’s license.

The Dangers of Hungover Driving

Something else that many drivers are not aware of is the fact that driving while hungover can be just as bad as driving while drunk. This fact was discovered by researchers at Utrecht University in the Netherlands. Participants of the study had 10 drinks, slept off the alcohol until their BAC was 0%.

The results showed that the drivers were roughly as impaired, if not more so, than a driver with a BAC of 0.05%. The drivers were more prone to speeding, struggled to drive straight, and just generally made more errors.

This is likely due to the results of being dehydrated, having low blood sugar, and not getting enough sleep the night before.

There Is No Reason to Drive Drunk

Driving while intoxicated is never a good idea. Not only is it against the law, it is incredibly dangerous. Drunk driving is the cause of thousands of accidents and deaths every single year in the US alone.

In today’s modern age, there is no reason for any of this. With smartphones, people now have the ability get a safe ride literally in the palm of their hand. A person can easily contact a loved one to come pick them up, or hire a driver of a taxi, Lyft, or Uber. Doing this has never been easier than it is right now. A person can easily save themselves and the lives of people they’ve never met by simply pulling out their phone before ever setting foot in a vehicle.

bail bonds with collateral in san bernardino

We Accept Signatures as Collateral at Penny Bail Bonds in San Bernardino

bail bonds with collateral in san bernardino

Typically when a person is taking out a large loan from a company, they are often required to pledge something as collateral. For the company, this helps ensure that they get some form of payment, even if the client fails to fully pay them back for the loan. From a business standpoint this makes sense, but from a customer standpoint, this is very nerve-wracking.

Worrying about making payments so as not to lose whatever was pledged as collateral is very stressful. This is due to the fact that with large loans, the collateral has to be something expensive like a house or car.

When it comes to bailing someone out of jail, many bail bond companies like to ask for collateral. This makes an already stressful situation even more so. That is exactly what we don’t want to do here at Penny Bail Bonds in San Bernardino. We want to make bailing someone out of jail as stress-free as possible. In order to do that, we do not require collateral on most of our bail bonds.

By doing this, we remove the excess stress. We understand that our clients are already worried enough about their loved one in jail. They do not need to worry about losing their home or car too. So, instead of requiring the collateral to be something valuable, we only need the signature of a working co-signer.

Once we have that, we will be well on our way to helping our client get their loved one out of jail. With our expert bail agents helping them, our clients are able to rescue their loved ones from jail without having to worry about things like collateral. Aside from making collateral easier, we also offer:

  • 24/7 Bail bond service
  • 20% Discount
  • Phone approvals
  • 0% Interest payment plans
  • No hidden fees – unlike other bail agencies
  • Se habla Espanol

Are you ready to bail someone out of jail? If so, just call 866-736-6977 or click Chat With Us now.


where to hide christmas presents

Not Every Hiding Spot for Presents Is a Good One

where to hide christmas presents

With the holidays finally here, everyone will be out and about doing a bit of holiday shopping in an attempt to find the perfect gifts for their loved ones. Now, finding the right gift for someone can be difficult, but it is possible. However, hiding a gift can be even more difficult. This is especially true when you live with the person that the gift is for.

Some people get really creative when it comes to hiding their gifts for others. Some of these places may truly be clever, while others really aren’t. A perfect example of a bad hiding spot for presents is leaving it in the car overnight instead of bringing it inside. Doing this can increase the chances of the gift being stolen by a thief. That is something that nobody wants, especially around the holidays.

That’s Not the Best Hiding Spot

Hiding presents from loved ones is always a little bit of an endeavor. Things get even harder if the person has a knack for hunting down hidden gifts. This leads some people to hiding the present in their car where the loved one is less likely to stumble upon it. Sometimes they do this because the person that the present is for is currently inside the house, which makes sneaking the present inside difficult.

Regardless of the reasoning behind deciding to hide a present in the car, even if only temporarily, this is a bad hiding spot. If a passerby were to see the present in the car, they may decide to try their hands at a little theft.

Even if they don’t see the present itself in the vehicle, a would-be thief may target the car for another reason. Maybe they see a purse or a cellphone lying forgotten on a seat. Maybe they simply checked the door and realized that the car was left unlocked. It doesn’t take much to entice a thief into breaking into a vehicle to steal something, and once they are in, they will likely do a thorough search.

The 9 PM Routine

This is one of the many reasons why law enforcement agencies all over the country have begun advertising the idea of the 9 PM Routine. The routine was created by the Pasco County Sherriff’s office in Florida. The intent was to help remind people to lock up each night and prevent crimes from occurring.

Many crimes are crimes of opportunity. They occur because a good opportunity presented itself to a would-be thief. They didn’t necessarily go out planning to rob that person, but when they discovered the car door, or garage door, was left open, they just had to search for anything valuable.

Simply locking all doors, both car and house, a person can greatly reduce the chances of someone robbing them. However, there is a little bit more to the 9 PM Routine. It also involves removing valuables from cars, and turning on exterior lights around the house. Removing valuables from car prevents them from being noticed by a thief. Turning on the lights removes the cover of night that thieves like to use when committing their crimes.

If a person wants to keep themselves and their stuff safe, they should practice participating in the 9 PM Routine each night.

Better Safe Than Sorry

Hiding holiday gifts from loved one’s can be difficult, which is why so many people get very creative with the spots they choose. However, one of the worst spots is in a car overnight. There, the gift becomes an easy target for anyone looking to make a quick score. If a person wants to make sure that their perfect gift for a loved one gets to the intended individual, then they should find a better hiding spot for the present.

Following the 9 PM Routine is also a pretty good idea, as it can keep a person’s stuff safe all year round. By practicing it every single evening, a person can fall into a good habit, and will be much happier than if the chanced it and had their car broken into.

how to report a crime on crime stoppers

An Easy Way to Report Tips Anonymously

how to report a crime on crime stoppers

Often times, when it comes to reporting crimes, people are afraid to do so. There is a fear that by doing so, something bad will happen to them. That is why many law enforcement agencies have worked to create ways for people to contact them anonymously. This way, the agencies can still get the information they need from the general public, and the tipster can help out without fear of getting into trouble.

One way of doing this is through Crime Stoppers. This is organization operates all over the United States and is here in California as well. One branch covers crimes in the Los Angeles region. The organization takes anonymous tips and forwards them to local law enforcement agencies in order to help them solve cases.

Crime Stoppers offers three different ways for a person to supply an anonymous tip, making it a very easy thing to do. A person can leave a tip:

  • Online at the Crime Stoppers’ website.
  • Over the phone with the toll free number available on their site.
  • Through the P3 Tips mobile app.

Crime Stoppers even offers rewards for tips that help lead to arrests in certain cases.

With Crime Stoppers, people can provide their local law enforcement with the tips they need to solve a case while still remaining anonymous. They do not have to worry about getting into any kind of trouble just for getting involved.

san bernardino bail bonds

LASD Active Shooter Preparedness

preparing for active shooter

Sadly, it is no secret that active shooter situations are occurring more frequently across the country. There have already been several instances this year and many people have been injured or killed. While these events are still very rare, there recent frequency is causing many people to consider what they would need to do if an event occurred near them.

In an effort to help people stay alert and safe, the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department (LASD) has created a new site and page to help teach people what they should and shouldn’t do in an active shooter situation. The goal is of course to help educate people and prepare them for a worst case situation.

The site features a 9 and a half minute video depicting different situations and what should be done during them. The video covers the three options that a person has in these kinds of situations:

  • Get out
  • Secure
  • Defend

The video does contain graphic content, so viewer discretion is advised. However, it does offer several important tips that everyone should know, just in case. Hopefully you will never need to use any of the information in the video, but it is best to have this handy and never need it.

keeping kids safe in water

Keeping Kids Safe in Water

keeping kids safe in water

Summer is here, and that means families are looking for the best ways to keep cool during the hottest of days. One of the favorite pastimes is going swimming, whether it is in a pool, river, or lake. Swimming is a great way to beat the heat, however not everyone is always up to the task. Young kids in particular can be at serious risk of drowning in large amounts of water.

When taking kids to bodies of water, it is important for parents to keep a close eye on their kids. Failing to do so risks their safety, which is something that nobody wants. All children should be actively supervised when near bodies of water. Infants and toddlers should always be within an arm’s reach from an adult. It only takes a few minutes for something bad to happen. It is also important to not rely on pool toys such as noodles and water wings to keep a child safe as they are not true safety devices.

Teaching kids to swim is a big and important step. If a kid knows how to tread water, they are that much safer. However, figuring out when to teach a child how to swim is dependent on the child and parent. Only start teaching a child to swim when they are ready, and don’t stop at just swimming. Teach your child how to float and to stay close to the shore in open water. Also teach them that swimming in open water is very different than swimming in a pool.

If you have a pool in your own backyard, be sure that you take the proper precautions. Backyard pools should have a four foot fence around them and a self-closing, self-latching gate. This should help keep kids from accessing the pool while unsupervised. Also consider putting some sort of alarm on the gate that could alert you to someone accessing the pool.

Swimming is a great way to beat the heat during the peak of summer. However it can be dangerous for little kids if they are not properly supervised. If you plan on taking your family swimming this summer, be sure to keep a watchful eye on your younger kids. Doing so will help ensure that your summer stays happy and fun.

Is There a Difference between Jails and Prisons

Is There a Difference between Jails and Prisons?

Is There a Difference between Jails and Prisons

A vast majority of people out there can go their entire lives without ever having to deal with jails or prisons. These people can consider themselves lucky. However, due to this fact, many people do not know that there is a difference between jails and prisons. The two terms do not refer to the same thing.

A person being sent to jail is very different from a person being sent to prison. In one instance, a person may be able to get bailed out, while in the other, the person is stuck until they have served out their sentence.

Jails are correctional facilities that are used as temporary holding. People who are in jail were either, recently arrested and awaiting trial, or were found guilty and are serving a sentence that is shorter than one year. Since people awaiting trial end up in jail, some jail inmates can be bailed out. Due to the short-term nature of jails, they are usually smaller and not as heavily funded as prison. They also have less security since the inmates housed in these facilities have a lower threat level than those housed in prison.

Prisons, on the other hand, are used as long-term housing for convicted criminals. A person serving time in a prison has been convicted of a crime and sentenced to serve more than one year in incarceration. These facilities are much larger than jails and hold more inmates. They receive more funding, offer more facilities to inmates, and have higher security than jail. Once a person is in jail, they will remain there until their sentence has been served.

A person ending up in prison is much worse than ending up in jail. If a person is in jail they won’t be there for too long since jail sentences are never longer than a year. If the person is just awaiting their day in court, they will likely be able to bail out of jail.

How Do You Avoid Unnecessary Stress

How Do You Avoid Unnecessary Stress?

How Do You Avoid Unnecessary Stress

Having an open mind is vital in the world today. There are so many opinions, facts, and attitudes out there. Even in family settings we may feel like we have to tread carefully because we don’t want to offend anyone. Some people get so offended over another’s opinions that you may feel as if you can’t say anything. You might feel trapped with your own thoughts. However, it’s not the end of the world.

Having an open mind is beneficial to you in the following ways:

  • Less stress
  • More information
  • Better Research
  • More friends

Having an open mind about a lot of things can benefit you greatly. You won’t stress as much because you’re not worrying about what is the right answer. You’ll be able to provide an objective point of view because you’re not looking for the yes or no kind of answer.

Having this open perspective will benefit you in any research you need to do in your daily life. You won’t be looking for biased answers to your questions. You’ll find yourself discovering facts and information about a topic that you may have never noticed before. Being opened minded will also help you identify sources that are biased. You’ll begin to see sources pushing their points of view rather than giving actual facts. Being open minded will also help you connect with people.

People will flock to you for information because they realize that they can come and talk to you without feeling judged. Far too often, people feel lonely or isolated from friends and family because they feel like they can’t talk to them. If you have an open mind about things, then people will start to see that. They’ll feel comfortable talking with you because they know you won’t be judging them.

Having an open mind will only benefit you. It will help release any tension you may have been holding on to. Being open minded will improve your relationships with friends and family. By having an open mind, you will find yourself getting less offended by what people say.

Things that Actually Make You Happy

Things that Actually Make You Happy

Things that Actually Make You Happy

Unfortunately life doesn’t come with manual or guide. In life we often get dragged down by the mundane. Routines become our way of life, and leave little time for having fun. The challenge many of us face is how to be happy. This simple question plagues many people’s minds on a day to day basis.

Endorphins, oxytocin, serotonin, and dopamine are all chemicals that contribute to your happiness. When we feel good, it’s usually because our brains have released one of those chemicals. These chemicals, also referred to as hormones, can be released for many different reasons. Exercising, stretching, laughing, and smiling can all help activate the release of these hormones.

When you exercise, your body releases oxytocin and endorphins. These hormones increase your happiness. Even through exercising may seem like a daunting task at first, it can actually improve your mood. The best part about exercising to feel happier is that the more of a regular routine you have, the more hormones will be released.

Laughing is an excellent source of happiness, but you’re probably thinking that you can’t control when you laugh. However you would be wrong. Studies have shown that if you fake laugh for over a minute, you will actually start laughing naturally. Yes, faking it till you make it works. Fake laughing relaxes your body, and releases just enough dopamine to trigger a real response. Also when you make a fool of yourself, you can begin to naturally laugh about it.

Smiling is similar to laughing when it comes to making you happy. If you force yourself to fake a smile for a certain amount of time, you’ll eventually trick your brain into releasing the happy chemicals. Fake smiling is more effective if you can see yourself smiling in the mirror.

Another great way to improve your happiness is dancing. Taking a moment of your day to let go, and dance around like a fool, can help relax your body. A relaxed body is more likely to release the hormones that improve your happiness and overall mood.

When you break down what makes you happy, there can be many factors. However there are scientific explanations for why you are feeling like you do. There may be physical factors, as well as mental ones. Just know that if you’re searching for a way to improve your happiness, trying these simple gestures can help you out.